Saturday, November 21, 2015
Sunday, June 28, 2015
In a recent decision from the National Labor Relations Board Division of Judges, racist comments are protected so long as the comments are not imminent threats. On June 5, 2015, Administrative Law Judge, Randazzo, ruled that Cooper Tire & Rubber Company (hereinafter “Respondent”) violated the National Labor Relations Act by terminating an employee for making racist comments.
On January 7, 2012, the Respondent participated in a lockout of the employees. Among those employees was Anthony Runion, a Caucasian male. During the course of the lockout, the Respondent brought in replacement workers, which included several African Americans. As the replacement workers were entering the main gate, Runion began to make several racist comments about smelling “KFC fried chicken” and “watermelon.” On March 1, 2012, the Respondent discharged Runion alleging that Runion’s racist comments violated the Respondent’s harassment policy.
The ALJ concluded that although Runion’s remarks were racist, offensive, and clearly inappropriate, the Respondent violated the NLRA when it fired Runion for remarks that were used in the context of a strike. Further, any comments made by Runion while on the picket line are protected conduct so long as the comments do not constitute a threat.
Wednesday, June 10, 2015
Christina Jacobs worked as a deputy clerk at a courthouse in New Hanover County, North Carolina. Jacobs was assigned to provide customer service at the courthouse front counter. After suffering from several panic attacks and extreme stress from her position at the front counter, Jacobs went to one of the supervisors to request a role that involved less direct interpersonal interaction. The supervisor instructed Jacobs to seek medical attention. Once the stress and panic attacks began to increase, Jacobs submitted a second request for an accommodation. Jacobs was terminated following the second request. The United States Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals determined that social anxiety disorder qualifies as a disability because it hinders a person’s ability to interact with others. The court explained that the ADA imposes a good-faith duty upon employers, to engage with their employees, to identify a reasonable accommodation when one is requested.
Friday, April 24, 2015
Sexual harassment in the workplace is a common occurrence. There are women, and some men, who suffer from repeated sexual harassment. According to The Restaurant Opportunities Center United, 70 percent of female food service workers are victims of sexual harassment from their bosses. Moreover, 90 percent of women have experienced sexual harassment from customers. Being placed is a hostile work environment is never easy to handle. Reporting this type of harassment should always be a priority.
Wednesday, April 22, 2015
On March 25, 2015 the United States Supreme Court remanded a pregnancy discrimination case back to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit Court. Petitioner Young was a part-time driver for respondent United Parcel Service (UPS). Young became pregnant in 2006 after suffering from several miscarriages. Young was advised to not lift more than twenty pounds during her pregnancy. However, as a part-time driver for UPS, Young was required to lift parcels weighing up to seventy pounds. Young requested a light-duty job accommodation, but UPS denied the request. Young filed a suit alleging the company violated the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA).
The District Court granted UPS summary judgment, concluding, that Young could not make out a prima facie case of discrimination under McDonnell Douglas. The Fourth Circuit affirmed. The US Supreme Court concluded that that Young created a genuine dispute as to where UPS provided more favorable treatment to at least some employees whose situation cannot reasonably be distinguished from hers. In reaching this conclusion, the Court relied on the second clause of the PDA, which was determined to be unclear and open to interpretation. The Court had concerns as to “what other applicants or employees” was initially intended to mean. Further, Young presented evidence that UPS accommodates most non-pregnant employees with lifting limitations, yet, refuses to accommodate pregnant employees. The case was remanded, shifting the burden to UPS to provide a reason for refusing Young’s accommodation.
Thursday, March 26, 2015
Plaintiff, an African-American female, filed a claim against Pals of Pasadena Hospital alleging violation of 42 U.S.C. § 1981 for intentional racial discrimination. In August 2013, an elderly Hispanic female was admitted to the hospital after being mugged by an African-American male. At the request of patient’s family, the hospital directed Plaintiff that she could not care for the patient because of Plaintiff’s race. The United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida Tampa Division ruled in favor of the Plaintiff, and concluded that the hospital prevented the Plaintiff from performing her job because she is an African-American. The hospital argued that the Plaintiff was not prevented to do her job on the basis of any “racial animus or hostility.” The court refused to accept this argument and explained that the hospital still discriminated against the Plaintiff based on her race. Dysart v. Palms of Pasadena Hospital, LP, 2015.
Tuesday, March 24, 2015
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination against any individual because of such individual’s religion in the workplace. Under Title VII, “religion” encompasses all aspects of religious observance, practice and belief. 42 U.S.C. §2000e(j). An employer is required to accommodate an employee based on religion unless the employer can show that it cannot reasonably accommodate the employee’s practice without undue hardship on the conduct of the business. For example, Courts have held that an employer’s refusal to allow an employee to wear a khimar is not discriminatory under Title VII. A khimar could be safety hazard to other employees because it could be used to smuggle weapons and contraband, thus placing an undue hardship on the employer. EEOC v. The Geo Group, 616 F.3d 265 (3d Cir. 2010).